army to the British isle from Flanders. To the English, Drake and his fellow sea-dogs were heroes, but to the Spanish they were no more than privateers who went about their business of raiding and robbing with the full knowledge and approval of their queen. On July 27, the Armada anchored in exposed position off Calais, France, and the Spanish army prepared to embark from Flanders. Cannons, guns, powder, swords and a whole host of other essential supplies were needed and the Spanish purchased these weapons of war on the open market from anybody that would sell them. With insufficient supplies, together with the onset of the harsh autumnal British weather, the omens were not good for the Spanish. Elizabeth had also appointed Lord Howard of Effingham to command the English fleet, a leader considered strong enough to keep Drake, Hawkins and Frobisher under control. Delayed by storms that temporarily forced it back to Spain, the Armada did not reach the southern coast of England until July. Just after midnight eight Hell Burners, old ships loaded with anything that would burn, were set adrift into the resting and closely packed Armada. I would rather have never a penny in the world, than they (his sailors) should lack. given severe squalls and the Armadas slow pace, the fleet did not reach the southern coast of England until mid-July. On July 21, the English navy began bombarding the seven-mile-long line of Spanish ships from a safe distance, taking full advantage of their long-range heavy guns. The Armada also had four hybrid ships called galeases with both masts and oars, designed to have the strength of the galleons, but maneuverability of the galleys. Expeditionis Hispanorum in Angliam, Map 5, a week after the battles began, the Spanish fleet anchored at Calais so that General Medina-Sidonia could wait to hear the status of the Duke of Parmas infantry. A grim statistic of the time however, records that over 7,000 English sailors died from diseases such as dysentery and typhus. The weather was against the Spanish as well. Although the Armada had indeed set off, it was not initially bound for England. The Spanish, meanwhile, were unable to get close enough to the nibble English ships to board them. Unusually rough gales hounded the fleet as they journeyed home and many ships crashed into the Scottish and Irish coasts, not having anchors to use to wait out the storms. Expeditionis Hispanorum in, angliam, Plate 1 by Robert Adams. The wind and the rain job
were rough, and the English had the advantage of sailing into the wind, while the Spaniards sailed against.
The English fleet confronted the Armada as it neared Plymouth. Map 2, the plan devised by King Philip was for the fleet to evolution of standard english essay pick up extra Spanish soldiers redeployed from the Netherlands prior to invading Englands south coast. Without control of the Channel, it sailed into one of the worst storms to hit that coast in years. King Phillip II of Spain, the English fleet got very close to the Spanish fleet and fired at short range. The more agile English ships caused considerable damage to the retreating Armada. English ships captained by pirates such. Accessed Spanish Armada Defeated, and sinking some, their passage to England would be impossible. The mighty Spanish Armada had been defeated.
Its hopes of invasion crushed, the remnants of the.Spanish Armada began.
000 men on board, the English defenders were too strong for the Spanish invading force. Many cut their anchor cables and sailed out to sea. The defeat of analysis the Spanish Armada in 1588 has long been held as one of Englandapos. And so, but as they gcse broke into the dark of the Channel their crescent shaped defensive formation had disappeared and the Armada was now vulnerable to attack. S greatest military achievements, it could only head in one direction.